Biomimicking properties of cellulose nanofber under ethanol/water mixture
Abdul Halim, Kuan‑Hsuan Lin, Toshiharu Enomae
Universitas Internasional Semen Indonesia Gresik, Indonesia
The two types of cellulose nanofiber (CNF) surface characteristics were evaluated by oil contact angle under ethanol–water solution at several concentrations as well as in air. Wood pulp-based 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxylradical (TEMPO)-oxidized cellulose nanofiber (TOCNF) sheets and bamboo-derived mechanical counter collision cellulose nanofiber (ACC-CNF) sheets were fabricated by casting followed by drying. The CNF shows underwater superoleophobic mimicking fish skin properties and slippery surface mimicking Nepenthes pitcher. The underwater superoleophobic properties of CNF was evaluated theoretically and experimentally. The theoretical calculation and experimental results of contact angle showed a large deviation. The roughness, zeta potential, and water absorption at different concentrations were key factors that determine the deviation. Antifouling investigation revealed that CNF was a good candidate for antifouling material.
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